Organization of trade ports activity management in Europe at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century

Aleksandr V. Koval

Resumen

This article presents some arguments for the presence of two different models of organization of sea trade ports management in European countries at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries on the basis of national regulatory acts analysis. . By studying the main models of the management of trade ports in Europe in the late nineteenth-early twentieth centuries, and in the framework of  main legal systems, we can distinguish, on the one hand, the continental model of the commercial ports management, which is characterized by inclusion of sea trading ports in the state economy with the creation of a developed management apparatus and empowerment of it; and, on the other hand, the Anglo-Saxon model, common in Great Britain and its subordinate territories, in which commercial seaports were in private hands, and the state  is limited only to the control over the execution of basic commercial and maritime rituals. The use of other models of commercial ports management was associated with the specifics of individual regions structure and the presence of institution of "free cities".

Palabras clave

public administration; sea trading ports; regulation; models; governing bodies.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias

Makareyko N.V., (2009). Administrative Law of the Russian Federation. Nizhny Novgorod, - 212 p. (In Russian)

Ignacio, N. G., Nieto, L. J. B., & Barona, E. G. (2006). The Affective Domain in Mathematics Learning. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 1(1), 16-32.

Kirschbaum, F. (1903). Italian laws on merchant shipping. - St. Petersburg. Printing house 327 p. (In Russian)

Goldstein L.M. (1903). Law of the sea of Russia, Germany, France, England and Sweden. - SPb, ed. F. Kantorovich, 60 p. (In Russian)

Soveshchaniya V. S. Sadovskogo. S. (1902). Norvezhskij zakon o moreplavanii (Nersk Lov om SjÖfarten). 20 iyulya 1893 g. Pod redakciej Chlena -Peterburg, tipografiya V. Kirshbauma, 149 s. (In Russian)

Sadovsky, V. S. (Ed). (1902). German laws on merchant shipping. SPb .: printing house “Popular Benefit”, 248 p.

Zahvataeva, V.N. (2008). Commercial Code of France. introduction, translation from French, addition, dictionary and comments, -M.: Volter Kluver, 1272 s. (In Russian)

Zmerzlyj B.V. (2014). Legal regulation of merchant shipping in the Black Sea-Azov region at the end of the XXVII – nachale ХХ v. – Simferopol': CHP «Predpriyatie Feniks», 512 s. (In Russian)

Provisional Regulations on the Management of the Port of Odessa and the Port Police on March 7, 1888. PSZ, Sobranie tret'e: T. VIII, № 5060. Printed in the Printing House and the Department of His Own Imperial Majesty's Office641 s. (In Russian)

Regulations on the administrative management of merchant shipping and port police in the coastal trading ports of May 7, 1891. PSZ, Sobranie tret'e: T. HI, №7674. – Printed in the Printing House and the Department of His Own Imperial Majesty's Office. 1894. 685 p. (In Russian)

Regulations on local management of coastal trading ports of June 2, 1901 g. PSZ, Sobranie tret'e: T. XXI, (1901), No. 20383 Otdelenie 1. - Pechatano v Tipografii II Otdeleniya Sobstvennoj Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kancelyarii. - 1903. 1265 s. (In Russian)

Veselago, S. P. (1903). English Law on Merchant Shipping August 25, 1894 Edited by a Member of the Clerk – SPb., Tipografiya V. Kirshbauma, 439 s. (In Russian)

Delivorn, A. (1872). The Code of Maritime Trade Ordinances, 1871 Edition. Translated from English Lieutenant. SPb., 412 s. (In Russian)

Proceedings of the department of commercial ports (1903). Issue HVIII. Port laws and regulations in Hamburg. St. Petersburg, 23 s. (In Russian)

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Comentarios sobre este artículo

Ver todos los comentarios