Inteligencia artificial y proceso penal



Palabras clave:

crimen, decisiones judiciales, inteligencia artificial, proceso penal, seguridad


La inteligencia artificial (IA) es una tecnología que ha revolucionado numerosos campos, incluyendo el proceso penal. En la actualidad, se están desarrollando sistemas de IA capaces de analizar grandes cantidades de datos, lo que puede ayudar a los tribunales a tomar decisiones más informadas y precisas. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo analizar el papel de la inteligencia artificial como herramienta de mejora y optimización de los procesos penales en Ecuador. A través de una metodología de revisión bibliográfica se recabó toda la información tendiente a entender el uso de la IA en el proceso penal para aumentar la eficiencia y eficacia del proceso penal, así como la identificación de patrones en grandes conjuntos de datos. Como resultado de la presente investigación, se pudieron evidenciar, entre otros, sistemas basados en IA para estudiar a los sospechosos más probables y a los patrones de delito para prevenir futuros delitos. Se evidenció que el uso de la IA en el proceso penal también plantea preocupaciones en cuanto a la privacidad y la seguridad de los datos, así como preguntas sobre cómo la IA afectaría la toma de decisiones judiciales, ya que algunos temen que los algoritmos de IA sean sesgados o discriminatorios.


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Cómo citar

García Falconí, R. J., & Barona Pazmiño, K. (2024). Inteligencia artificial y proceso penal. Revista San Gregorio, 1(58), 101–110.