Food security management in Russia at the present stage of its development

L.E. Krasilnikova

Resumen

In modern conditions, the tasks on ensuring food security of the Russian Federation, the import substitution for the main types of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs, and the sustainable development of rural areas require a qualitative improvement in the established management system. The study of functioning of the agrarian sector in the economy is associated with the identification of trends in the development of agriculture and the assessment of agricultural production as the crucial component of the food security of Russia. Therefore, research and synthesis of practical experience in introduction and use new organizational and partnership relations, technologies, economic and financial instruments and other innovations for the effective functioning of sectors and enterprises of the regional agroindustrial complex are in matter-of-course to ensure favorable conditions for the sustainable development of agricultural production. After analyzing the state of food security and the agrarian sector of the Russian economy, the author came to the conclusion that there are a number of serious problems requiring proper solutions in the current conditions in the field under study. The organization and management of the agrarian sector of the economy has received close attention in leading areas of scientific knowledge throughout the existence of civilization. Scientific interest is caused by the exceptional position of agriculture in ensuring food security and livelihood of population. The fundamental concepts and provisions set forth in modern scientific works by domestic and foreign scientists in the field of agro-industrial complex and food security were used as a theoretical and methodological basis of the study. The regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, statistical materials of official publications of the Federal State Statistics Service, information-analytical and reporting materials of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, state statistics bodies, as well as documents of state authorities and local governments on food security of the Russian Federation, food market and sustainable food security were used in the capacity of empirical sources of research.

Palabras clave

food security; self-sufficiency of the country; export; import; agriculture; import substitution

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